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Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano in Tanzania,
Africa. It has three volcanic cones, the Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira,
making it the highest mountain in Africa. It rises approximately
Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano in Tanzania, Africa. It has three volcanic cones, the Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, making it the highest mountain in Africa. It rises approximately 4900 meters from its base to 5895 meters above sea level. Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller were the first known people to climb the peak in 1889. The mountain is a part of the Kilimanjaro National Park and is a very attractive climbing destination. It has also been a part of many continuous scientific studies because of its shrinking glaciers and disappearing ice fields.
The origin of this name is not precisely known by many but it does hold a number of theories, supposedly the European explorers had adopted the name by 1860 and reported that it was the mountains Kiswahili name. Johann Ludwig wrote in 1860 that Swahilis along the coast called it by this name, although he did not support this, he said that it meant either mountain of greatness or mountain of caravans. On October 6th, 1889, when Hans Meyer reached the highest summit on the crater ridge of Kibo, he named it Kaier0Wilhelm-Spitze, this name was used until Tanzania was formed in 1964, then the summit was named Uhuru Peak, meaning Freedom peak in Kiswahili.
Interestingly the fastest ascent-descent has been recorded by Swiss-Ecuadorian mountain guide Karl Egloff, who ran to the top and back in 6hours and 42 minutes on 13 August 2014. The fastest female ascent record is held by Anne- Marie Flammersfeld, on July 2015, with a time of 8 hours and 32 minutes.
There is a very interesting mythology also related to the mountain, Local legends by the Chagga people speak about how a man named Tone once provoked a god, Ruwa, to bring a famine upon the land. The people then became angry at Tone, forcing him to flee the place. Nobody wanted to protect him but a solitary dweller that had stones which turned miraculously into cattle. The dweller bid that Tone never opens the stable of the cattle. When Tone did not heed the warning and the cattle escaped, Tone followed it but the fleeing cattle went up hills to run on, including Mawenzi and Kibo. Tone finally collapsed on Kibo, ending the pursuit.
Another legend has it that Kibo and Mawenzi were good neighbors, but Mawenzi played a prank on Kibo and threw away embers he had got from Kibo and claimed that they had burned out. Kibo got angry and beat Mawenzi badly, explaining why the mountain is so badly degraded. This theory explains Mawenzi's name as "the Battered".
Other legends tell of ivory-filled graves of elephants on the mountain, and of a cow named Rayli that produces miraculous fat from her tail glands. If a man tries to steal such a gland but is too slow in his moves, Rayli will blast a powerful snort and blow the thief hurling down into the plain.
Hence, when in Africa, do visit this peak.