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As the waves of immigration began as early as 3500 BC, it
continued all the way until the end of fourteenth century AD. This
was basically the aftermath of a devastating period of economic,
As the waves of immigration began as early as 3500 BC, it continued all the way until the end of fourteenth century AD. This was basically the aftermath of a devastating period of economic, political and religious events in the Caspian region, which was brought by the Baloch tribes in the present semi-desert land of Balochistan. They trace their history to the ancient Parthian family of Aryan tribes who was inhabited in the Caspian Sea
Balochistan is currently one of the four provinces of Pakistan. It is located towards the southwestern region of the country. The capital city is Quetta and it shares its borders with Punjab and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the northeastern side, Sindh towards the southeastern side, the Arabian Sea covering the South, Iran to the west and Afghanistan to the north. By this, we can already see how geographically huge this area is and how important it will be for Pakistan. The part present in Iran is called the Iranian Balochistan and the capital is Zaidan.
Historically, settlement at the present day Balochistan by Baloch tribes began at around 1200 years before the birth of Christ. Baloch folk tales and legends show us the major shift of Baloch population from Caspian Sea region to the present semi-desert land of Balochistan which was brought about in three different times and different places. The first migration was of the Baloch tribes which were residing in the northern areas of what is now called Kurdistan. These Baloch tribes are called Narui (Nara denoting North in archaic Balochi) and they had settled in the areas now called Seistan, Zabol in the present day Iran, Helmand valley which is now in Afghanistan and Chagai plains in present Pakistani province of Balochistan. The second migration had taken place a few hundred years after the first migration. In this batch, the migrating Baloch tribes of the Mount Elburz in the south of Caspian Sea settled in what is currently called central Balochistan in Pakistan. The third important one of all is the migration of the remaining Baloch tribes are said to be living in Aleppo who first settled in Kerman, then Makuran and finally to the plains of Sibi and Kachchi in the Pakistani province of Balochistan. This occurred at the time of the 12th century AD.
Baloch society is organized on similar pattern as the ancient Aryan tribes of Balochi, the language spoken by the Baloch is a member of Indo-Aryan languages. The main dialects of Balochi language are now termed as Western (Mekurani), Rakhshani and Eastern Balochi. In the central part of Balochistan many Baloch tribes which are of Brahui origin speak a dialect, which is believed to be a compound of Balochi and a mix of the Dravidian language. Under the Pakistani province of Punjab, most of the Baloch have adopted Sarakai which also belong to the Aryan family of languages. The Balochi is closely related to Kurdish, Persian and Sanskrit languages but appears to be more archaic than these languages.
The main reasons to understand as to why it is hard for Balochistan to get freedom is because, it remains a huge geographic area, which is inhabited mostly by two ethnic groups, Baloch, and Pashtuns, where the Pashtuns are a little over 50% of the population. These Pashtuns do not support this movement and as far as Balochs are concerned, they constitute of tribes, where only the three largest support this and the rest do not. Analyzing the situation we can see that the majority is not for this movement.
Another aspect to this is that, the Balochs are divided into three main countries, namely Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran, wherein they demand a separate country consisting of Balochs from all the countries, it is but obvious that the other nations will not agree to this as each country has their own policies and jurisdictions. Also, the movement as such is at an unorganized position that the people will think before joining it.
Now given the situation prevalent in these areas, even if independence was to an action, granted, the end result could lead to more violence and destabilization. Given the vague structures of the tribes, it is more likely for internal conflicts to take place between the tribes as compared to any other struggle because the greed for power hinders a mans perspectives.
If you see the situation from the side of Pakistan, this seems impossible because Balochistan is both economically and geographically important for Pakistan. Moreover, given the position of Pakistan and the crisis, it is going through, a separation or even a demand for separation will make many organizations work against Balochistan. In the global world today, every country focuses on expansion and not reduction, so Pakistan will work towards keeping Balochistan under it only.
Recently the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, made a statement that the atrocities Pakistan conducts should stop, they have to answer the world and that Balochistan needs help. We have seen time again that provinces under Pakistan suffer from violence and disturbance due to the terrorist activities and dysfunctionality of the government. The people indeed suffer. After the statement made by the Indian PM, Balochs turned towards India to seek further help, the congressmen of Balochistan have openly asked for military intervention from the side of India and help of the PM.
Given the conflict post-1947, that India and Pakistan have been involved in, India will probably not involve themselves practically, because in this contemporary world countries are bound by certain limitations which they have to follow so as to maintain peace. Intervention in any state would be an open signal for war and what would be a better chance for Pakistan to declare war if India helps Balochistan. Another issue that all face today is that these nations are nuclear powered, it is in best resort of all ways to avoid such situation that will question the existence of humankind as such. One of the last interventions was only the 1971 intervention, where Bangladesh came into being with the help of India. This gives Pakistan, even more, reasons to be ready for war. In this context, it is in the best interest of India to only help diplomatically and not intervene in this Balochistan conflict.