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Historically if seen, Indias West Asia policy has been very
multi-directional in its nature. When the cold war era was
affecting the world, India had maintained close ties and economic
Historically if seen, Indias West Asia policy has been very multi-directional in its nature. When the cold war era was affecting the world, India had maintained close ties and economic cooperation with Saudi Arabia and Iran, who are rivals in regional geopolitics. Post the Soviet world, New Delhi began to warm up to Israel in the 1990s as a part of the country to make efforts to diversify its diplomatic engagement, it remained careful to not jeopardize the traditional relations it had with Muslim Countries. This bi-directional approach has expanded itself to a tri- directional foreign policy so that the three key pillars of West Asia- Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Israel can be accommodated.
IMPORTANCE OF SAUDI ARABIA
In the present day, Saudi is Indias largest supplier of crude oil. The Riyadh plays an important part in the countrys quest for energy security, as imports meet 70% of the demand. India is also the largest recipient of foreign remittances from this kingdom. There are 11 million Indians working in West Asia amongst which 3 million are in Saudi Arabia. Hence the stability in the region is high on Indias core agenda. It is good to notice that the partnership has gone above economic ties and has reached to concerns like security.
It is important for Saudi Arabia to make ties with India as well. As they are facing an economic strain because of the weak oil prices. Due to the shale boom, the US is not much dependent on the oil from Saudi.