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The international system according to Kenneth Waltz is anarchic
with no system wide authority being formally enforced on its
agents. He used the structural model and propounded that the BOP
The international system according to Kenneth Waltz is anarchic with no system wide authority being formally enforced on its agents. He used the structural model and propounded that the BOP system would be a success in international politics. Unlike most constructivists who used social theory, he used economics to develop his theory. Waltzs theory states that states maximize their security and hence favor status quo.
He states that there is a clear divide between natural sciences and social sciences. The difference exists because the social sciences are influenced by the structure of the system of which they are a part. States do not have the freedom to do what they want to do because they are constrained by the structure of the international political system. If states move beyond these constraints then there will be a systematic response. Waltz assumes that politics is about power and power is organized in order to talk about the political system. Waltz is highly concerned with the less complex structure on anarchy. He believes that political order associated with hierarchy is potentially very fragile. For anarchy to occur it is very important for all units to disintegrate at the same time which is not possible. However anarchy could transform into a hierarchy and for this to happen one unit will have to take control of the system against the wishes of the others, or the units will have to agree to transfer their powers to the higher authority. Both of these scenarios can take place but the structural constraints placed to make them highly doubtful.
Waltzs theory of the balance of power is animated by the logic of small numbers and states that the structure of the international system is defined by a limited number of great powers.
Waltzs perspective is that it really does not matter if the system is made up of revisionist state or status quo states because whatever aims the individual states may have, the international structure pushes them to pursue policies that result in the balance of power and the reproduction of the systems.