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John Mearsheimer drawing on this ferment of new thinking
produced The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, a book that was
immediately hailed as a classic that deserved to supersede the
works of Waltz...
John Mearsheimer drawing on this ferment of new thinking produced The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, a book that was immediately hailed as a classic that deserved to supersede the works of Waltz and Morgenthau makes it very explicit that it is essential to draw on the balance of power logic to understand international politics.
Meirsheimer advances a pessimistic theory which reveals how states are pushed by the structure of the international system to pursue competitive policies towards each other and where states strive whenever possible to tip adversarial BOP in their own favor. Waltz is depicted as a defensive realist in sharp contrast to Mearsheimer who produces a fully-fledged theory to underpin offensive realism and one that can stand comparison with Waltzs theory of international politics. Mearsheimer uses his theory to provide an account of the international system over the past two hundred years and his approach enables him to move away from the conventional Eurocentric accounts of the modern international system. Instead, he embraces Europe and gives equal importance to the developments in the western hemisphere and in the process reveals a very different pattern of international politics that was started in Europe. He is seen to pay attention to the most recent past and to the future than most other theorists. Mearsheimer developed his theory based on the post-cold war era. HE did not identify the unipolar system that emerged with the end of the cold war. The theory states that unipolarity is incompatible with a regionalised approach to international politics. He insists that great powers aim to maximize their power in order to ensure their survival. The states are rational actors, which is to say they are capable of coming up with sound strategies that maximize their prospects for survival.