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According to the Japanese Times the United Nations currently
faces five major problems. The U.N has its success stories but the
aging structure it has is now struggling with new threats like
According to the Japanese Times the United Nations currently faces five major problems. The U.N has its success stories but the aging structure it has is now struggling with new threats like terrorism and diseases. Such issues cover a large part of the member countries of the U.N. The member countries have been discussing change for many decades but have not concluded any agreement due to competing interest.
The major problems are-
1-OUTDATED STRUCTURE- The victors of World War 2 have been power players since 1945, which are the United States, Russia, China, Britain, and France. They are the only permanent members of the 15 seats on the Security Council. They all have the veto power which has led to near paralysis at the Council on major crises like Syria and Ukraine. The inception of the U.N had 51 member states, and now currently has 193, even though all these are a part of the general assembly, they can only pass nonbinding resolutions. So the countries feel a greater need for the participation of more countries . some of the countries that are in talks to be deserving members of the U.N are Germany, Japan, India, Brazil etc. But it does not seem like the big 5 are keen on leaving or sharing this position.
2-UNWIELDY ORGANIZATION- The entire organization has become a sprawling system with 15 autonomous agencies, 11 semi-autonomous funds and programs and many other bodies but there is no central entity to take over them all. The secretary general can try to coordinate their actions but it has no authority over many of them.
3-INCREASING DEMANDS- The U.N keeps asking their member states to contribute troops for the peacekeeping missions, currently there are 16. The number of peace keepers has risen to a record of 130000 where as the end of the cold war there were only 11000, but the system remains to be strained.
4-UNRELIABLE FUNDING- raising money is a constant problem because so many crises in the world need attention. Many of the UN agencies and humanitarian operations get their funding by voluntary contributions but the appeals are not getting enough donations. The members contribute to the regular budget and separate peacekeeping budget but some countries are behind on their payments.
5-POLITICAL HORSE-RIDING- there is a widespread behind-the-scenes jockeying going on for the top jobs in the U.N Secretariat and U.N agencies, not to mention seats on the main bodies like the Human Rights Council and the Security Council. Every country, in this case, wants to be well represented.