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The moment someone talks about cigars, the first thing that comes to our mind is the Cuban cigar. Considered the best cigars in the world, these are made in the Northern Caribbean regions, Specifically Cuba, hence the name Cuban cigars.
When Christopher Columbus first landed on the Caribbean islands in 1492, he encountered the Tainos natives who lived in Cuba. They smoked tobacco wrapped in plantain and palm leaves. He brought back tobacco leaves to Europe and soon sailors became dedicated tobacco smokers. Spain started manufacturing cigars with imported tobacco from Cuba. Due to this the tobacco industry grew in Cuba and today Cuban cigars are considered the best cigars in the world due to their higher quality tobacco with the price of one box going as high as $115,000.
There were no slaves used in the production of tobacco as it is a delicate plant and needs to be handled carefully. The workers on these farms were the immigrants from the Canary Islands and thus laying the basis for the Cuban farms. By 1859, there were nearly 10,000 tobacco farms and about 1300 cigar factories in Cuba.
As Cuba is very close to the Tropic of Cancer, it has the ideal conditions for the cultivation of the tobacco. Along with this, the composition of the soil of tobacco growing areas is perfect for the plantation.
The process for cultivation starts with planting the seed bed, an area where the seeds are planted under ideal conditions for further germination and development. These remain here for forty days and are then transported to the fields. This usually starts in the beginning of October. The leaves are picked after 45-80 days of planting them and are taken to the factories for fermentation and drying.
The leaves that are to be used as wrappers are separated and sprinkled with water so as to restore their humidity. They are classified by sorters based on the color and size. The cigar maker makes them by hand. They are then sent to a vacuum fumigating chamber and placed in special closets where they remain for about three weeks to remove excess humidity. At last, the cigar is packed and ready to be smoked.