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The major Greek gods
Most of us have read the Percy Jackson series by Rick Riordan
and at some point or the other became obsessed with the Greek gods.
In case you werent, heres the list o...
Most of us have read the Percy Jackson series by Rick Riordan and at some point or the other became obsessed with the Greek gods. In case you werent, heres the list of the major Greek gods.
The Greek gods are the main gods of ancient Greece. They overthrew their ancestors, the Titans, and became the rulers of the world. Most of the gods lived on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece and were immortal. In the Greek myths, there are always 12 major gods as well as a number of minor gods responsible for all the things in the world.
He is the king of the gods and ruler of Mount Olympus. His domains include the sky, weather, thunder, lightning, law, order, and justice. Zeus was the only god who was not eaten by his father, Cronus, as Rhea protected him. Although he is married to Hera, he still has a lot of affairs and as a result, most of the Olympian council consists of his children.
His symbols of powers are the scepter, the throne, and the thunderbolt. His sacred tree is the oak tree and animal is the eagle.
Hera is the wife of Zeus thus making her the queen of the gods. According to the myths, Zeus had tricked her into marrying him by turning into a cuckoo. Hera is the goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, heirs, kings, and empires. She is often seen as spiteful and is known for her dislike of demigods as her husband constantly cheated on her.
Her symbols of power are the diadem, the scepter and the pomegranate which is a sign of fertility. Her scared flower is the lily and animals are the peacocks and the cow.
Poseidon is the god of the seven seas and water. He lives under the ocean and is married to the sea goddess, Amphitrite, but according to some myths, this was a political move to gain more power. His domains include natural and supernatural events related to the sea. He is known as the savior of ships and sailors before going on a voyage would sacrifice a bull to Poseidon He can also cause earthquakes. He has a rivalry with the goddess Athena.
His symbol of power is the Trident and his sacred animals are the dolphins and horses as he is also the father of horses.
Aphrodite is the goddess of love. Her birth was an odd event as she was created from the water of Phapos where the cut off genitals of the Titan Ouranos was thrown. She is married to the god Hephaestus but has an affair with the god Ares. She is the most attractive goddess on Olympus. Her domains include love, beauty, and eternal youth. She is also connected to the death and rebirth of nature.
Her symbols of power are the girdle, the seashell, and the mirror. Her sacred animal is the dove.
Apollo is the sun god. He and his twin sister were born on the island of Delos, the floating island as Hera had forbidden his mother Leto to give birth on anything attached to the earth. His domains include the sun, music, prophecy, and archery. He is also known to send mice to places when he is in a bad mood and then kill all the mice when his mood improves. Perhaps the most interesting fact about Apollo is that he is the only god who openly took lovers of both the genders.
His symbols of power are the lyre, the tripod, the laurel tree and the navel stone. His sacred plants are the myrtle and the laurel and animals are the wolves, the raven, and the lizard.
Artemis is the moon goddess. She is older than her twin brother, Apollo, and helped her mother give birth to him. She is a virgin goddess as she swears off all men. As a child, she asked her father Zeus to remain a virgin for eternity and is one of the three virgin goddesses of the Greek mythology. Her domains include the moon and nature. She is said to bring fertility to all the places where she was worshiped. She is both, a hunter and protector of wild animals.
Her symbols of power are the bow and pike. Her sacred tree is the cedar and animals the deer, the snake, and the bear.
Ares is the god of war. He has a secret affair with the love goddess, Aphrodite and has many children with her. He is also the first god who was tried on the hill of Areopagus as he had murdered the son of Poseidon. He is often seen as a violent and bloodthirsty god and doesnt get along with many people. His domains include war and defense.
His symbols of power are the shield and the spear. His sacred animal is the dog.
Athena is the goddess of wisdom. She was born from the head of Zeus wearing a full body armor and uttering war cries. Athena never married and is one of the three virgin goddesses. She has a rivalry with Poseidon. Her domains include wisdom, war planning, and artistic skills. She is also the favorite child of Zeus.
Her symbols of power include the spear, the distaff and the Aegis which was given to her by Zeus. Her sacred tree is the olive tree and animal is the owl, a symbol of wisdom.
Demeter is the goddess of agriculture. According to legend, after she is raped by Zeus, she gives birth to Persephone whom she loves dearly. After Persephone is kidnapped by Hades and taken to the underworld, she grows angry and doesnt let anything grow on earth, as a result of which Zeus has to force Hades to return her daughter. Her domains include agriculture and she is responsible for all the plants growing on earth.
Her symbols of power are the ear of wheat and grains, the cornucopia and the lotus staff. Her sacred animals are pigs and snakes.
Dionysus is the god of wine. He is married to Ariadne, the princess of Crete. He was born from the thigh of Zeus. Legend has it that when his mother was pregnant with him, Hera found out and made her promise that she would ask us to show her his true form. When Zeus revealed his true form, she was disintegrated but the baby survived. In order to keep the baby alive, Zeus sews him into his thigh and then later gave birth to him. Dionysus is loved by all. His domains include wine making and joy. He does not live on Mount Olympus and travels the world.
His symbols of power include the thyrsus, the flute, and wine barrels. His sacred animals are the panther and the tiger.
Hephaestus is the god of fire and forges. He is the son of Zeus and Hera but according to some myths, he was conceived without the help of Zeus and when he was born, Hera threw him off Olympus as he was ugly. Due to this, he has a deformation in his leg. He is married to the love goddess, Aphrodite but she constantly cheats on him. He is credited with creating the first woman, Pandora. His domains include fire, forges, metallurgy, and craftsmanship.
His symbols of power are fire, the ax, the pincers, and hammer.
Hermes is the messenger god. He is the fastest god on Olympus. According to the myths, when Hermes was born, he stole the cattle of Apollo when he was just 3 days old. Later he and Apollo became good friends. He is the only god who could visit all the three realms. His domains include carrying the messages of the gods and guiding the souls to the underworld. He is also the god of thieves.
His symbols of powers include the caduceus, the purse, winged sandals, the ram, and petasus.
Although these are gods on the Olympian Council, there were two more major gods of ancient Greece.
Hestia is the goddess of the hearth. She is the oldest child of Cronus and Rhea. She is one of the three virgin goddesses. Both Apollo and Poseidon wanted to marry her but she had made an oath to Zeus to never enter into a union with any man. She personifies the fire burning in the hearth of every home. Her domains include the Hearth and domestic life.
Hades is the god of the dead. He rules the underworld and is married to Persephone. He is a powerful god who decided the afterlife of a person. He is helped by Charos, the angel of death.
His symbol of power is his helm which helps him to stay invisible. His sacred animal is Cerberus, the three-headed dog who guards the gates of the underworld.