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India is a unitary state as opposed to a federal structured
state. India is a unitary state as it has one all powerful central
government and has local governments working as its agencies in its
India is a unitary state as opposed to a federal structured state. India is a unitary state as it has one all powerful central government and has local governments working as its agencies in its specific state. In a unitary government like India the head of State who has the power such as the prime minister in Indias scenario will not have any opposition as its the political party that wins the election that gets to appoint the PM and there is no such thing like two different parties that can have a almost similar form power such as the United States federal structure.
India also has a flexible administration as they make changes depending on the situation they are in with considering the social and environmental needs. In India only the central government can amend the constitution. The Indian constitution also sets up a very powerful union Government. During a review of the division of powers in the Indian constitution clearly shows strong partiality towards the union Government and several limitations on the autonomy of state Governments. Example, during the proclamation of a national emergency the union government can legislate on the subjects in the state list and can take over the executive powers of the state government. It is not only during an emergency that the Indian constitution becomes unitary in form. Even during its normal working, the union Parliament can reorganize the states or change the boundaries by a simple majority vote, even without the consent of the legislature of the state so affected.
And in case there is a conflict between a union law and a state law, the union law will prevail. The state governors are appointed by the President. All of the State governments dont have separate constitution of their own. They derive their powers from the same constitution, i.e., the Constitution of India. So I hereby conclude that India is unitary in nature and not federal.