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Lets explore utilitarianism. An ethical theory
which judges an action to be good or bad solely depending on its
consequences. If the end result leads to happiness then its an
Lets explore utilitarianism. An ethical theory which judges an action to be good or bad solely depending on its consequences. If the end result leads to happiness then its an ethically approved act. Quantitative utilitarianism talks about the greater good. There has been much discourse on this view since its origin in the 19th century. This concept harbors a lot of room for speculation which again changes with perception.
Utilitarianism appears to work on a relatively simple concept. Happiness good, sadness bad. Easy enough. Doesnt take a rocket scientist to put that together. This allows for a person to put serious thought into the end result of what theyre doing. All good right?
But it isnt at all as simple as it seems. Putting this theory in practice would mean that the actions themself have no meaning attached to them. The means do not matter. Genuinely thinking on the subject, what exactly establishes the boundaries of good and bad? Whose morality would you trust to make these decisions for you? A highly controversial topic comes into spotlight here. That of getting information from possible suspects using torture. Does the life of one have the same worth as that of hundreds? Arguments go both way and here things get a little more complicated.
Then again this theory takes into account, consequence. This is an aspect of the future which is virtually impossible to determine. Here the entire concept collapses.
In modern times it might be highly questionable to practice utilitarianism for there are several other factors than ethics that are put to trial. And yet, here is the key to ensure maximum happiness in the world. The debate continues.