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Kosa silk is a variety of Tussar silk. It is obtained from an
Indian silkworm Antheraea mylitta from cocoons grown on specific
trees- Arjun, Saja and Sal. Kosa silk is known for its sturdiness
Kosa silk is a variety of Tussar silk. It is obtained from an Indian silkworm Antheraea mylitta from cocoons grown on specific trees- Arjun, Saja and Sal. Kosa silk is known for its sturdiness and is preferred over pure silk in the state of Chhattisgarh. It has a dull golden brown colour. The finished products are dyed with natural dyes from the palaas flower (Fire flower), the red pollen of the Rora Flower and the deep rose red from lac and some more natural contributors. The fabric is available in pale golden, dark honey, orange, fawn, cream and many more colours similar to the original golden brown colour.
The weaving is a painstaking process due to rarity of the kosa worm. A simple kosa saree may take upto 3-5 days to produce beginning from weaving to the finished product depending on the number of people working on it. As a result of the long process, nowadays raw silk is mixed with cotton or polyester. It is presently not just used to design traditional Indian outfits like sarees or lehengas but also western outfits.