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How to do?
Lie flat on the mat and
gently turn to your left. Steady yourself as...
Lie flat on the mat and gently turn to your left. Steady yourself as you take this position by pressing the outer part of your left foot and your heels firmly into the floor.
Raise your right arm over your head. Arm should be perpendicular to your body.
Use your left arm to support your head as you lift it off the floor and support it on your palms.
Bend your right leg at the knee and reach for your big toe with the right arm. Hold it using the first two fingers and the thumb.
Stay stable for a few seconds as try and maintain balance.
Exhale and stretch the right leg towards the ceiling. Stretch as far as you can, ensuring your arm and leg are perfectly straight.
Hold this pose for a few seconds. Then, release. Wait for a few moments. Repeat this pose as you turn to your right side, and repeat the asana with your left leg for the same amount of time.
Why to do?
This asana tones the abdominal muscles, and helps in improving digestion.
It stretches and strengthens the sides of your torso.
The spine as well as the leg muscles become more flexible.
The hamstrings also get stretched and strengthened.
It helps to lose weight in your hips and thighs.
There is better circulation in your legs. It also helps in the development of the pelvic region.
This asana helps cure hypertension, arthritis, colitis, hypertension, and sciatica.
It helps relieve stress and tension.
It also helps cure disorders related to the uterus, urinary bladder, ovaries, and prostate.
When not to?
If you have pain in your neck or shoulders.
If you have spondylitis, slip disc, or sciatica guidance is recommended.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), One
third of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted
globally, which amounts to about 1.3 billion tons per year. It also
According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), One third of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted globally, which amounts to about 1.3 billion tons per year. It also states: Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain, from initial agricultural production to final household consumption. The losses, it says, represent a waste of resources used in production such as land, water, energy and inputs, increasing the green gas emissions in vain.
In a country like India, food is not only scarce for some families but a luxury for others. Food wastage has several socio-economic and environmental impacts. India is ranked 97th among 118 countries in the Global Hunger Index for 2016. About 20 crore people go to bed hungry and 7,000 people die of hunger every day. 44% of the children under age 5 are underweight, 72% of infants and 52% married women have anaemia. 25% of fresh water used for cultivation is ultimately wasted even as millions dont have access to drinking water. The energy spent over wasted food results in the production of 3.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide every year. 300 million barrels of oil used to produce food are ultimately wasted. Improper storage results in the loss of more than 6 million tonnes of grains due to rotting even as millions of children and adults die with no food for days on end.
The increasing wastage also results in land degradation by about 45%, mainly due to deforestation, unsustainable agricultural practices, and excessive groundwater extraction.Wastage results in national economic loss. Putting a monetary value to the loss in terms of wastage, India loses Rs. 58,000 crore every year. Many countries have legislation that encourage donating food to the charities or food banks and ban unnecessary wastage of food.
India has many civil societies and community initiatives that are aimed at distributing food for the needy. National Food Security Act, 2013 is committed to securing availability of food grains for two-thirds of the 1.3 billion population . India Food Banking Network (IFBN), which is promoting the concept of collaborative consumption is very much needed. But there is an urgent need for the Government to do more.
Missing one single meal makes us feel impatient, tired and restless. The plight of millions who never get to consume a decent meal for days on end is extremely pitiable. We need strict implementation of rules banning food wastages in wedding ceremonies and other functions, by hotels and supermarkets . Customers in hotels must be encouraged to pack the leftover food for later consumption. Farmers must be educated about the best farming practices.Proper storage facililties must be provided for farmers to reduce rotting away of food grains. We must buy our supplies rationally. We need to support the NGOs that supply food for the needy. An initiative 'Compassionate Kozhikode' has received global attention and won the ITB-Berlin Award. It is a programme to ensure food to needy people in kozhikode district by tying up with hotels, restaurants to deliver excess food. Such initiatives are the need of the hour.
Hunger kills more people than AIDS, malaria and terrorism combined. Let food fill someones stomach and not rot away in dustbins. Unless each of us take individual and collective action, millions of people will never live to see another day because we threw away their food.
Around 3000 years ago, changes were seen in the way the rajas
(rulers) were chosen. Some men were recognised as rajas by
performing very big sacrifices. The ashvamedha or horse sacrifice
was one su...
Around 3000 years ago, changes were seen in the way the rajas (rulers) were chosen. Some men were recognised as rajas by performing very big sacrifices. The ashvamedha or horse sacrifice was one such ritual. A horse was let loose to wander freely and it was guarded by the rajas men. If the horse wandered into the kingdoms of other rajas and the stopped it, they ad to fight. If they let it pass through it meant that they accepted the rajas sovereignty. The rajas who performed these sacrifices were considered as being rajas of janapadas( the land where jana set its foot and settled down) rather than janas. Number of settlements have been excavated in these janapadas such as Purana Qila in Delhi, Hastinapura near Meerut etc. It was found that people lived in huts, kept cattle as well as other animals and grew a variety of crops such as rice, barley, pulses, sugarcane, sesame and mustard.
About 2500 years ago, some janapadas became more important than others. They were known as mahajanapadas. Most mahajanapadas had a capital city, many of them fortified. These rajas maintained armies and collected taxes from people. Around this time major changes took place in agriculture. One was the use of iron ploughshares and the other was transplantation of paddy. This led to increased production. Increased production led to the collection of more taxes and increased the wealth of the kingdoms. Some important mahajanapadas were Magadha, Kosala,Gandhara, Kashi, Panchala, Avanti, Kuru etc.
The fall of the Indus Valley Civilization due to causes not
fully determined resulted in many newer and smaller settlements
being set up to its east and south. It was during this time around
The fall of the Indus Valley Civilization due to causes not fully determined resulted in many newer and smaller settlements being set up to its east and south. It was during this time around 3500 years ago, that Rigveda, the oldest book known to man was written by sages. Rigveda contains more than a thousand hymns in praise of gods and goddesses. Rigveda gives an insight into the life during that period. It has mentions of battles, yajnas, brahmins, rajas, jana etc. People who composed these hymns referred to themselves as Aryas and their opponents as Dasas. Dasas did not perform yajnas. Later dasas( women-dasis) came to be known as slaves. These were people who were generally captured in war. Priests taught students to recite and memorise each syllable, word and sentence, bit by bit with great care. Most of the hymns were composed, taught and learnt by men. A few were composed by women.
Later the other vedas, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda were composed and that period is referred to as the later Vedic age. There were several groups of people at that time- priests, warriors, farmers,herders, traders, crafts persons, labourers, fishing folk and forest people. The priests divided people into four groups called varnas and each varna had a different set of functions.
The first varna was that of the Brahmins, who were expected to study and teach the Vedas, perform sacrifices and receive gifts.
The second varna was that of the Kshatriyas, who were expected to fight battles and protect people.
The third varna was the Vaishyas, who were expected to be farmers, herders and traders.
Last were the Shudras, who had to serve the other three groups and couldn't perform any rituals. Often women were also grouped with the shudras and they couldnt study the vedas. Some of them were also considered to be untouchables.
The priests also said that these group were decided on the basis of birth which came under rigorous backlash from several groups of people.